Ahmedpur Sharqia (Punjabi,Urdu: احمد پُور شرقیہ), is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. It is capital of the Ahmadpur Sharqia Tehsil in Bahawalpur District, Punjab, Pakistan.Punjabi in Standard and local Riasti dialects is the major language. Urdu and English are also spoken and understood by educated population.
The city of is situated in District Bahawalpur (Southern Punjab, Pakistan). This city was founded by a landlord Ahmed Khan Perjani in 1748. On that times the city was on ashore of river Ghara. In 1758, during a flood in river, Ahmedpur East was ruined. After the flood, the city was cultivated again by its citizens. Railway station of Ahmedpur East was built in 1875, which is called as Dera Nawab Sahib railway station. Another honour of is that, the second ever ladies hospital in whole Bahwalpur state after the city of Bahawalpur itself, was built in here. The basic stone for it was laid by the lady of ways Roy Hind on 2nd of Dec 1945.
It is an important marketing center for the surrounding areas and is located on the crossroads between Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta and Karachi. There are daily train and bus services from Multan, Lahore, Sukkur, Karachi, Dera Ghazi Khan, etc. to Ahmedpur East. Motor Rickshaws are widely spread in the city for internal transport. Cars are also available on rent. Its altitude from sea level is 400 feet. Temperature varies from extreme hot in summer to extreme cold in winters. In winter it remains between 8 °C to 24 °C while in summer it remains between 32 °C to 45 °C. Average rainfall here is approx. 6.89 inches annually.
The city is of particular importance because of its area and history. It is also known as Dera Nawab Sahib. There is a palace covering much of the area around the city. The Sadiq Abbas Government college is based here.
The city is situated on the highway 50 km from Bahawalpur. Its historical importance relates to the Nawab of Bahawalpur. The Noor Mahal palace of Sadeq Mohammad Khan V the fifth is in Bahawalpur.
The Railway Station of Ahmedpur East is called Dera Nawab Sahib, which can be viewed while travelling towards Karachi. There are two bus stands for this city: Abbasia Chowk and Chowk Chacha Basti. The centre of the city, in which there is currently a roundabout, is named after the martyr Muneer Shaheed
Ahmedpur East was famous for its Heera Mandi at the time from state of Bahawalpur. Ahmed Khan son of Ghappa Khan Parjani was the first cousin of Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan I. On the invitation of Nawab Mubarak Khan, the dwelling where Ahmed Khan along with his family, tribe and supporters made their permanent abode was named Ahmed Pur.” “Buildings, places built by the former Rulers of Ex-Bahawalpur State have prime importance for Ahmadpur City. Sadiq Garh Palace, Qadeem Mahal and Jamia Masjid Chowk Bazar and many more are remarkable in these buildings. Saraiki is the local language, while Urdu and English are official languages used in various educational and government institutions.”
Ahmadpur East-the Land of Saints
Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani: He was the son of the Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi. Hence, he was a descendents of Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Born and raised in Medina, he walked miles between Mecca and Madina, in the heat. He then spent least 12 years of service at the Masjid-e-Nabwi and then had a dream where Mohammad ordered him to find his Murshid Sultan Bahu. He met Sultan Bahu on the 12th Rabi’ al-awwal. During the reign of Nawab Bahawal Khan III, he migrated from Medina to Ahmadpur Sharqia for a permanent residence from 29th Ramazan 1241 H/6 May 1826 AD. He died on Friday of 29th Ramazan 1276 H/20 April 1860. His shrine is situated at Fatani Chowk, Fatani Street, Ahmadpur Sharqia. He was the 26th Shaikh of the Sarwari Qadri Order.
Makhdoom Bahaudin Akbar: He belongs to Bahaudin Zikarya’s 18th generation of descendants. He migrated from Multan to Ahmadpur Sharqia. He died in 26 Ramazan 1267/24 January 1851. He belongs to the SuhrawardiOrder.
Azmat Sultan Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh: He belongs to the progeny of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sakhi Sultan Bahoo. His father, Sultan Mohammad Hussain was a Sufi dervish. Azmat Sultan migrated to Ahmadpur Sharqia along with his family and resided there. It was here that he died and his shrine is also located here.
Abdul Asad Khan Afghan: There is a khanqah by the name of Abdul Asad Khan in Ahmadpur Sharqia. He is known as being the khalifah of Khawaja Aaqil Mohammad.
Noor Shah Bukhari: In Ahmadpur Sharqia, his shrine is located near Qilla Tehsil. He is from the progeny of Syed Jalal Bukhari. He spent most of his time in the Zikr of Allah. The order of his followers initiated at the desert area. Molvi Hakeem Gul Mohammad: His khanqah exists in Ahmadpur Sharqia. His family was prominent for its knowledge and herbal tips. The shrines of his ancestors still exist in Multan and Uch, Pakistan. He was the khalifah and a disciple of Aaqil Mohammad. His family lineage and biography is preserved in his writing Takmala Sharif.
Geography and climate
The City lies just south east of the Head Panjnad. It is situated 50 km from Bahawalpur, 470 km from Lahore, 15 km from Uch Shareef, 60 km from Yazman, 320 km from Faisalabad and about 750 km from the national capital, Islamabad. The west region of the city is called the Sindh. The chief crops are wheat, gram, cotton, sugarcane, and dates. Sheep and cattle are raised for export of wool and hides. It is chiefly desert irrigated by the Sutlej inundation canals and yields crops of wheat, cotton, and sugarcane. Farther south, the Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with mound ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. The climate is mainly hot and dry. In summer’s the temperature reaches high forties degrees Celsius during the day and the nights slightly cooler. Since the city is located in a desert environment there is little rainfall. The weather conditions in reach extremes in both summer and winter. Average temperature in summer is 33c and 18c in winter. Rainfall is very scarce and scanty. The average rainfall is 20 to 25 cm annually
Ahmedpur East is also an important agricultural training and educational center. Soapmaking and cotton ginning are important enterprises; cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery are produced. Factories producing cottonseed oil and cottonseed cake were built in the 1970s. It is an important marketing center for the surrounding areas and is located on the crossroads between Peshawar, Lahore, Quetta and Karachi. Ahmedpur East is also known for its distinctly embroidered khusa and pottery which is made here. The surrounding area is mostly agricultural, which allows agricultural exports in many parts of the world. There is also a large market town for mangoes, dates, wheat, sugarcane, and cotton that bring in continuous demand all year round. In addition, it has soap making and cotton spinning factories”.
Schools and Colleges
Ahmadpur East Nuclear Power Complex
According to the Wall Street Journal, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) plans to install three Chinese nuclear reactors at Ahmadpur East and the site is now being prepared. Ahmadpur East Nuclear Power Complex would have 1100 MW Nuclear reactor.
The city of Ahmedpur East is a famour tourist destination for not only locals but for its rich heritage provides an important hot spot for historians as well as archeologists. Ahmedpur East is known for its cotton, silk, embroidery, carpets, and extraordinarily delicate pottery.
Ahmed puri ‘Khussa’ (Shoes), embroidery work of all types, brocades, plain delicate and painted earthen pottery for which Ahmedpur is famous and ‘moorahs’ (settees) and other things made of reed.
- Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman, Hazrat Sakhi Sultan (2012). Sawane Hayat Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani: A biography of Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications Regd., (Lahore, Pakistan). ISBN 9789699795022.
- Zikr Ikram, Mohammad Hafiz-ur-Rehman, 1937, Pakistan
- Auliya Bahawalpur, Masood Hafiz-ur-Rehman, Urdu Academy Bahawalpur, 1984, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
- Pakistan in Talks to Acquire 3 Nuclear Plants From China
- Pakistan to build new nuclear power plants